The physicians and surgeons of the Center also employ the techniques of minimally invasive surgery, resulting in an often shorter, more comfortable recovery for the patient and less damage to surrounding normal tissues.
What are the sinuses?
What is sinusitis?
The sinuses, or more correctly paranasal (para = near + nasal = nose), are eight air-filled cavities within the facial skeleton that drain into the nose. Learn more
What are the symptoms of sinusitis?
Sinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the mucous membranes lining the sinuses. Learn more >>
How is sinusitis diagnosed?
The classic symptoms of sinusitis are facial pain or tenderness, and yellow or green nasal drainage. Learn more >>
What are nasal polyps?
A careful history and physical examination are needed to diagnose sinusitis (sinus infection). The history consists of the seeking of the onset and course of the present illness. Treatments already tried is an important element of the history because response or lack of response to antibiotics, or prior sinus surgery, characterizes the illness as acute, chronic or recurrent chronic, and indicates the severity of the infection. Learn more >>
What is nasal endoscopy, and what is its appropriate role in the diagnosis of sinusitis?
Polyps occur in multiple organs throughout the body. Most nasal polyps are benign growths arising from the mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses, which may be associated with allergy, cystic fibrosis, aspirin sensitivity, allergic fungal sinusitis, asthma and several syndromes involving the respiratory tract. Learn more >>
What roles do facial X-rays and CT scanning have in diagnosis of sinusitis?
Nasal endoscopy is the examination of the nose with an optical endoscope (endo = within + scope = to see). Endoscopy can be performed using rigid or flexible fiberoptic endoscopes. Learn more >>
What is the medical treatment of sinusitis?
Facial X-rays and CT (CT = computer assisted) scanning render an image of the object of interest, such as the heart or sinuses, by directing electromagnetic radiation, also known as photons, through the human body. Visible light is a form of electromagnetic radiation. Learn more >>
What are the surgical treatments of sinusitis, and when should surgery be considered?
Medical treatment is directed toward the microorganisms causing sinusitis and restoration of the normal drainage and ventilation of the sinuses. Learn more >>
What is endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and its variations, such as FESS?
Surgery for sinusitis is reserved for disorders not getting better with medical treatment and/or impending complications of sinus disease. Prior to the 1970s, most sinus surgery was performed via external or open approaches to the sinuses. More recently, endoscopic intranasal (procedures performed with a fiberoptic telescope through the nostril) sinus approaches are utilized in the majority of patients. Learn more >>
What should I do after undergoing sinus surgery?
In the 20th century, American anatomists and surgeons began a century of intense studying of the intricate anatomy and physiology of the nose and sinuses, and to apply their knowledge to surgical treatment. These efforts evolved into surgical approaches to the nose and sinuses through the nose and face. The latter was practiced by relatively few surgeons until the introduction of surgical endoscopes in the 1980s. Learn more >>
What are the complications of sinusitis?
Post-operative care is necessary to ensure a rapid recovery. Much of this care is directed toward making the patient comfortable after surgery, avoiding and recognizing complications and restoring the health of the sinuses.
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What other disorders are treated by the physicians of the Center for Sinus and Allergy?
The proximity of the sinuses to important structures and organs within the facial skeleton predispose patients to specific complications. As early as 3,600 years ago, the Egyptians recorded surgical drainage of brain and sinus abscesses. As such infections today are often secondary to sinus or ear infection, it is reasonable to attribute the earliest recorded treatment of such complications to the Egyptians.
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Given the proximity of the nose and sinuses to the eyes, Center physicians, in cooperation with ophthalmologists, perform orbital (eye socket) and optic nerve (the nerve carrying vision from the back of the eye to the brain) decompression for thyroid eye disease, removal of orbital tumors and restoration of normal drainage of the tear ducts (dacryocystorhinostomy, DCR). Other treated diseases include benign and malignant tumors of the nose.
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